15 Feb 2023
CensorWatch: On the Implementation of Online Censorship in India
On how internet service providers implement website blocking in India.
Divyank Katira, Gurshabad Grover, Kushagra Singh, Varun Bansal / Free and Open Communications on the Internet (FOCI '23)
22 Sep 2021
Cyber law toolkit scenario: Internet blockage
On whether internet shutdowns with extraterritorial effects violate international law.
Gurshabad Grover, Arindrajit Basu / International Cyber Law in Practice toolkit
09 Jul 2021
The Ministry and the Trace: Subverting End-to-end Encryption
A legal and technical analysis of how the 'traceability' provision in Indian regulations undermines communications privacy.
Gurshabad Grover, Tanaya Rajwade, Divyank Katira / NUJS Law Review
06 Jul 2020
How India Censors the Web
On the different techniques used by Internet service providers (ISPs) to censor websites, and the consistency of website blocklists across different ISPs in India.
Kushagra Singh, Gurshabad Grover, Varun Bansal / 12th ACM Conference on Web Science
20 Jul 2019
Examining the constitutionality of the ban on broadcast of news by private FM and community radio stations
On the regulations that prohibit radio channels from curating news.
Torsha Sarkar, Gurshabad Grover, Rajashri Seal, Neil Trivedi / NLUD Journal of Legal Studies
30 Oct 2023
The infrastructure of censorship in Asia
How governments and private companies collaborate on censorship.
Gurshabad Grover / Corinne Cath (ed.), Eaten by the Internet, Meatspace Press
Research reports and policy briefs
30 Mar 2023
Online Censorship: Perspectives From Content Creators and Comparative Law on Section 69A of the Information Technology Act
On procedural rights in online blocking of content.
Divyansha Sehgal, Gurshabad Grover / Pre-print on SSRN
15 Dec 2021
Online caste-hate speech: pervasive discrimination and humiliation on social media
On online caste-hate speech and social media platforms' content moderation.
Damni Kain, Shivangi Narayan, Torsha Sarkar, Gurshabad Grover / Centre for Internet and Society
21 Jun 2021
On the legality and constitutionality of the Intermediary Rules, 2021
Analysis of the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021
Torsha Sarkar, Gurshabad Grover, Raghav Ahooja, Pallavi Bedi and Divyank Katira / Centre for Internet and Society
30 Oct 2020
India Digital Freedom Series: Internet Shutdowns, Censorship and Surveillance
A series of reports on digital rights and civic space in India, focusing on restrictive policies that threaten fundamental freedoms and public participation.
Multiple authors / Centre for Internet and Society
08 Jul 2020
Investigating TLS blocking in India
A study into Transport Layer Security (TLS)-based blocking by three popular Indian ISPs: ACT Fibernet, Bharti Airtel and Reliance Jio.
Simone Basso, Gurshabad Grover and Kushagra Singh / OONI
07 Nov 2019
Reliance Jio is using SNI inspection to block websites
The most popular ISP in India is employing a deep packet inspection technique to block websites for its users.
Gurshabad Grover, Kushagra Singh / Centre for Internet and Society
31 Oct 2019
Through the looking glass: Analysing transparency reports
An analysis of companies' transparency reports for government requests for user data and content removal.
Torsha Sarkar, Suhan S, Gurshabad Grover / Centre for Internet and Society
03 Jul 2019
Consolidation in the Internet Economy and the Evolution of the Internet
Summary of a discussion on the impact of market consolidation on the economic and technical future of the Internet.
Akriti Bopanna, Gurshabad Grover / Centre for Internet and Society
29 Nov 2018
Regulating the Internet: The Government of India & Standards Development at the IETF
Taking the example of TLS 1.3 at the IETF, we show how technical standards have regulatory and policy implications.
Aayush Rathi, Gurshabad Grover, Sunil Abraham / Centre for Internet and Society
Policy comments and misc. submissions
09 Nov 2022
Comments on the draft Indian Telecommunication Bill, 2022
Submission to the Ministry of Communications, India.
Anunay Kulshrestha, Gurshabad Grover
19 Jan 2021
DNS over HTTPS and Trusted Recursive Resolver
Submission to Mozilla's consultation.
Gurshabad Grover, Divyank Katira / Centre for Internet and Society
20 Feb 2019
Surveillance Industry and Human Rights
Submission to the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Speech and Expression.
Elonnai Hickok, Arindrajit Basu, Gurshabad Grover, Akriti Bopanna, Shweta Mohandas, Martyna Kalvaityte / Centre for Internet and Society
31 Jan 2019
Response to the Draft of The Information Technology [Intermediary Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018
Submission to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, India
Gurshabad Grover, Elonnai Hickok, et al / Centre for Internet and Society
15 Jan 2019
Response to GCSC on Request for Consultation: Norm Package Singapore
Submission to the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace.
Arindrajit Basu, Gurshabad Grover, Elonnai Hickok / Centre for Internet and Society
09 Jan 2019
Response to TRAI Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework for Over-The-Top (OTT) Communication Services
Submission to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
Gurshabad Grover, Nikhil Srinath, Aayush Rathi / Centre for Internet and Society
18 Jun 2018
Comments on the Telecom Commercial Communications Customer Preference Regulations
Submission to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
Sandeep Kumar, Torsha Sarkar, Swaraj Barooah, Gurshabad Grover / Centre for Internet and Society
01 Jun 2018
Comments on the Draft Digital Communications Policy
Submission to the Department of Telecommunications of the Ministry of Communications, India.
Anubha Sinha, Gurshabad Grover, Swaraj Barooah / Centre for Internet and Society
31 May 2018
Comments on the Draft National Policy on Official Statistics
Submission to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, India.
Gurshabad Grover, Sandeep Kumar / Centre for Internet and Society